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Turkish Marbling Lesson in ISTANBUL
Ebru Lessons in Istanbul

Painting On Water: Turkish Marbling Turkish Paper marbling is a method of aqueous surface design, which can roduce patterns similar to marble or other stone, hence the name. The patterns are the result of color floated on either plain water or a viscous solution known as size, and then carefully transferred to a sheet of paper (or other surfaces such as fabric). In bru art, you can draw flower figures that are traditional from the Ottoman period BUT the things that you can be capable of by using Ebru art are unlimited. All you need is your imagination.

This decorative material has been used to cover a variety of surfaces for several centuries. It is often employed as a writing surface for calligraphy, and especially book covers and endpapers in bookbinding and stationery. Part of its appeal is that each print is a unique monoprint.

CONTEMPORARY creates design fabric marbling paper technique designs on paper, glass or on silk fabrics .

Our teacher that is shown in our pictures is Ms. Betul Senguler. She gives our group classes in Sultanahmet. For private lessons, we have one more teacher as well.


Classical Types of Ebru;

1- Battal – Stone: The oldest recorded style in Ebru. It is the base of all forms in paper marbling art. The paints stay as they drop off the brush no other effect is given.

2- Gel Git – Tidal : After having a battal base, it is formed by zigzag movements parallel to the sides of the basin. This tidal movement is sometimes applied diagonally as well.

3- Şal – Shawl : Formed by an evenly spreading of two or three ‘S’ shapes on a tidal ebru in the opposite direction of the last tidal move.

4- Bülbül Yuvası – Nightingale Nest : Formed by inside to outside spiral movements next to each other on a battal ebru.

5- Taraklı – Combed : A vertically made tidal ebru is combed in the opposite direction of the last tidal movement.

6- Kumlu – Sandy : Formed by continuously dropping of low density paint on an extremely thickened basin and letting the work sit for a long time. The surface tension is high in an extremely thickened basin. The low-density paint is going to be pressured under the high tension of the surface and after a while crack and form the sandy or bony ebru.

7- Hafif – Light : Paints are diluted more than in other ebru types. Light ebru is usually used as a base to perform calligraphy.

8- Hatip – Orator : Motifs are formed by giving movement effects to the paints that are distributed evenly within each other on the surface. Colors at the background are light, motif colors are intense.

9- Dalgalı – Wavy : When the paper is moved back and forth during the marbling, the result will appear as waves on the paper. The paper can be folded, (creases point the surface) when each move contacts with a crease it will change direction and will form the waves on the paper. Waves can be formed only if the movement has a regular rhythm.

10- Neftli Battal –Turpentine: This is obtained by sprinkling paints with some added drops of Turpentine (preferably pine turpentine) onto a ‘Battal’ background. It gives a wavy appearance.

11- Somaki Battal – Porphyry: Generally made with two color. More gall is added to the second color, which squeezes the first color and creates thin veins, like marble.

12 – Serpmeli Battal – Sprayed: After any well known “Battal marbling” is made, a second color, in contrast to the background, is sprinkled is small droplets. The paint in the brush is squeezes out carefully, and some people use a special brush for sprinkling. This sprinkling may be formed in ‘Gel-Git’ – ‘ Bülbül Yuvası’ or other patterns.

13- Ak Kase – Stenciled Marbling: This is a pattern obtained by making several imprints on the same background, and popular with calligraphers. The base consist of a ‘light marbling upon which the script is written using a special fluid prepared with gum Arabic applied with a red pen or brush. Thus the surface of the light marbling is covered (insulated) by the gum Arabic. After drying, another design using darker colors is applied on the same paper: the parts covered with gum Arabic will resist the second coat and will therefore display the script. The same technique may be applied using a stencil, and other substances can be used instead of gum Arabic, for example, heavy gum tragacanth, silicone, several transparent types of glue, etc.

14- Yazılı Ebru – Script Marbling: This is obtained by writing the script with gum Arabic and then marbling the same paper, or vice versa (Leaving the script blank and applying the gum Arabic as background). Writing with gum Arabic (Transparent ink) demands particular skill, because it is very difficult to make corrections.

Modern Types of Ebru;

1- Fantazi – Fantasy 2- Kedi Gözü – Cat Eye 3- Dalgalı – Waved C- Flowered Ebru;Forms of flower motifs are applied on battal ebru. The application process is quite different from oil painting. Ebru master has to form the flowers and get the image on paper rapidly before the paint on the water start cracking. Therefore this art should not be compared with the art of painting. 1- Lale – Tulip 2- Karanfil – Carnation 3- Sümbül – Hyacinth 4- Demet Çiçek – Flower bunch 5- Renkli Menekşeler – Multicolored violet 6- Papatya – Camomile / Daisy 7- Gelincik – Poppy 8- Gül – Rose 9- Buket – Bouquet • All these different types of Ebru have their own combinations of dyes, drawing techniques and have different levels of difficulty in preparation and different methods, in general, but the equipment used is almost the same for many of these types. Through practice and passion, candidates can learn all of them and enjoy the perfection of this beautiful art.

Marbling is similar to cooking; it is impossible to give the exact recipe. Everyone has his own mixture of colors and patterns and wishes to reflect to own world.

Marbling results by the simultaneous operation of many accurate balances. Purity and application rules must be streaktly observed. The density of the gummed water and the relationships between the water and the dye, the dye and the tensioning agent (gall), the quantity of gall in the dye are all very important. It may take some time to establish such a delicate balance. But was everything is ready marbling is easily and quickly performed. Yet this property of the marbling makes it very suitable for a “therapy”.

Dyes are spopotted on the surface of the water by means of paintbrushes and according to quantities and colors desired. Dyes should not be too concentrated. Concentric, superposed drops thus applied form a pattern called “Battal”. This pattern is the origin of almost all others. Now if this basic pattern is handled by parellel lines made by a thin pencil or chip moved back and forth you obtain “the back-and-forth”. If this design is crossed out by means of a comb a “combed-pattern” is obtained. In case the “back-and-forth” is diagonally crossed again, it becomes “shawl” sample. Combed marbling may be made into back-and-forth or shawl design. When a convolute line is applied from the outer circumference towards the centre you obtain a “nightingale nest”. In the event small colorfull dots are spotted on the back-and-forth or shawl design you get the “sprinkled marbling”. If, instead, you apply larger dots (which means with higher rate of gall contents) you obtain the “prophyry marble” which resemble most to marble.

Nonetheless above patterns may be divesified by selecting one of the above as a basis and making concentric drops of different colors. Mehmet Efendi (the orator of Saint Sophia, deceased in 1973) first formed flower and other patterns, wich were subsequenly called the “Orator pattern” (Hatip ebrusu). Later on these patterns developed into flower shaped marblings.

The sheet of paper is lard from one side onto any of above designs prepared on the gummed water in the basin. Now this processing makes the dye fixed on the paper. The paper is then careflly lifted off the basin without stripping too much the gum off the surface. In classic Turkish marbling the paper taken out of the basin is not washed off. The thin layer of gum remaining on the surface forms a protective (fixing) coat. The paper is laid on a flat surface and let to dry up.

Presuming every material is made ready, the translation of the patterns made on the surface water is accomplisheed within 3-5 minutes or at most, 15 minutes. This infinity of colors and shapes quickly formed makes the marbling amazing at  and fascinates the spectator (if any). It makes eveything forgotten. One evening the late calligraphy and marbling master, Necmetting Okyay started to make marbling.Some time later he heard a sound coming from the street and supposed that it was the voice of a street seller making business late in the night: to his surprise, this was the müezzin performing the morning prayer call.


About The Artists :

Betul Senguler: Our professional Ebru Artist for our group & private classes in Sultanahmet with the experience of 8 yrs in Ottoman Marbling.

** If you have any interest in learning Classical Ottoman Marble, joining a workshop, or ordering a special Turkish Marble Art Work from our teachers please call us or send us an e-mail to get more information and to get a meeting.

2 Hours Turkish Marbling Workshop ( Per Person )

2 Guest

50 Euro PP

3-6 Guest

40 Euro PP

7 and More Guest

35 Euro PP

1 Guest

65 Euro

Lesson Includes.

  • These are Private Events and Runs Upon Request.

  • English Guidance and Assistance Service.

  • The workshop area & equipment are Included.

  • 2 Hours workshop in Our Studio.

  • Reservation by E-mail

  • Tours are made by Senguler Tourism – Istanbul Life ORG
    Member of TURSAB Agency Association / A Licence: 4691



Традиционное турецкое искусство Эбру. Уроки и мастер-классы в Стамбуле.

Мастер-классы на английском языке по традиционному османскому искусству Эбру (мрамирование бумаги и рисование на воде).

Занятия проходят в художественной галерее, расположенной в центре Стамбула, район Султанахмет.

Искусство Эбру или «мрамирование» – это способ получения неповторимых узоров на бумаге, подобных природному рисунку на мраморе и других камнях. Цветные узоры наносятся с помощью кисти и специальных игл на поверхность водного раствора, имеющего особую вязкость, приготовленного на основе природных загустителей. Затем изображение аккуратно переносится на лист бумаги или ткань. Причудливые узоры можно дополнить изображениями цветов, что является традиционным османским изобразительным искусством, происходящем из глубины веков. Вариации узоров и цветовые сочетания никогда не повторяются, каждый новый лист уникален и неповторим, что дает неограниченные возможности для творчества. Искусство Эбру не требует специальных навыков рисования. Все, что вам нужно для создания неповторимого произведения – это фантазия и любовь к творчеству.

Для Эбру традиционно используются натуральные, экологически чистые компоненты. Это искусство появилось в средневековье на территории Туркестана и позднее распространилось по всей Османской Империи, в Иран, Китай и даже европейские страны.

Особенно популярно искусство Эбру было в Османской Турции, где изысканными мраморными узорами украшались книги, каллиграфические панно и даже официальные документы.

Приняв участие в мастер-классе по Эбру вы сможете:

Узнать секреты создания изысканных мраморных узоров на  бумаге ручной работы.

Прикоснуться к вековым традициям османского изобразительного искусства.

За одно занятие создать готовое уникальное произведение искусства.

Наши преподаватели – профессиональные турецкие мастера Эбру и имеют опыт преподавания.

** Если вы заинтересованы в изучении классического османского искусства мрамирования (Эбру), хотите участвовать в мастер-классе или заказать индивидуальное обучение от наших профессиональных преподавателей, пожалуйста, позвоните нам или отправьте нам электронное письмо  E-mail, чтобы получить дополнительную информацию.

Whatsapp : +90 533 7385862 To Mr Hakan HACIBEKIROGLU


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